Silk is a natural fiber that comes from the larvae of the mulberry silkworm. Not that long ago, people stuck to the natural fibers: Those who want a more glamorous and embellished bridal look, prefer to wear it. Have you ever had a dress so perfect that each wearing felt like a new, luxurious experience? How many people can you sit at 6 ft table?
How Fabric is Categorized
When you pick out your clothes, you probably don't think about their toxic load on your body and the environment. But most fabrics that make our clothes, upholstery and linens are highly processed with tons of chemicals. Find out how to protect yourself. Everyday and night we are surrounded by fabrics. From clothing to sheets on our beds to upholstery on furniture or car seats, these are the fabrics of our lives.
Fabrics are around us nearly all the time, but did you know that your material choices could either help or harm your health? Not that long ago, people stuck to the natural fibers: And your shirts and slacks may be treated to be wrinkle-free or stain resistant.
These technological advances in fabrics may make our lives simpler, but at what cost? Chemically treated natural and synthetic fabrics are a source of toxins that adversely affect your health and the health of the planet. Polyester is the worst fabric you can buy. It is made from synthetic polymers that are made from esters of dihydric alcohol and terpthalic acid.
Acrylic fabrics are polycrylonitriles and may cause cancer, according to the EPA. Rayon is recycled wood pulp that must be treated with chemicals like caustic soda, ammonia, acetone and sulphuric acid to survive regular washing and wearing. Acetate and Triacetate are made from wood fibers called cellulose and undergo extensive chemical processing to produce the finished product. Nylon is made from petroleum and is often given a permanent chemical finish that can be harmful.
Anything static resistant, stain resistant, permanent press, wrinkle-free, stain proof or moth repellant. Many of the stain resistant and wrinkle-free fabrics are treated with perfluorinated chemicals PFCs , like Teflon. Silk also feels great on bare skin and really hugs the body. Polyester is not just a punchline for disco-era jokes, it is quite an amazing fabric.
When it was first introduced in , it was celebrated as a miracle textile. It can be worn over and over without fading and without losing its shape. Think about your great old vintage dresses from the 60s- the reason they still look exactly like they did way back when is because they are polyester. What we refer to as polyester is actually polyethylene terephthalate, and involves the linking of the many esters in the fabric through a chemical process. Polyester is made to be duralbel.
Not only does it hold its shape, it also dries easily and is a good insulator. Wool, for the most part, comes from the hair of sheep. Additionally, it can come from goats mohair, cashmere and rabbits angora. Wool is also really, really old. The oldest known wool textile has been dated back to B. Wool is biodegradable, hypo-allergenic, flame retardent and restistant to static electricity.
It is also very warm, it even has the ability to keep you warm even after it gets wet. Hand wash and lay flat. Do not put in a dryer or you will be sorry.
During World War II, nylon was used instead of silk to make parachutes and tires. Was once seen as tacky, but not so much anymore. Production could be bad for the environment, but same could be said for other synthetic fibers and natural ones too. Rayon is a manufactured fabric from naturally occurring fibers. Thus, it is neither fully natural nor synthetic. Rayon can be used to mimic the feel of silk, wool or linen.
Rayon fabrics are soft, smooth and comfortable. They are also highly absorbent without insulating body heat, making them ideal for use in hot and humid climates. Spandex aka Lycra is a synthetic fabric known for its ability to stretch and while maintaining its shape. Spandex is great for wetsuits, leggings and workout clothes of all kinds. Spandex is also what gives skinny jeans, their hip-hugging appeal. May 18, Share Tweet Pin it Save.
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Types of Fabric A to Z. A glossary of fabrics to help you understand the type of fabric in clothes and how to care for them properly. Silk is woven or knitted from a natural filament found in the cocoon of silkworms. This luxurious fabric is synonymous with style and elegance. Because it's lightweight and has a beautiful drape, it's a favorite fabric for work dresses, cocktail dresses and evening gowns. Silk has many different looks depending on its treatment and finish. Cotton is the choice for most clothing -- and with good reason. This natural fiber has been cultivated for over 7, years, appearing in various woven forms as denim, khaki, gabardine and sateen. As one of the few breathable fabrics, cotton is ideal for hot summer days because the .